How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is among the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots again to those prehistoric days when someone grabbed a digging instrument and began burrowing into the ground. In the many millennia since, mining has grown into one of many world’s most necessary and widespread business enterprises, with operations spread across the globe while tasked with recovering an virtually inexhaustible listing of useful commodities.
In fact, according to the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise had been recovered in 2018, up from 11.three billion metric tons in 2000 and practically double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian nations accounted for 58 % of the 2018 manufacturing, with North America second at 15.1 %, followed by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.eight percent), Latin America (6.three percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) have been essentially the most prolific producers, with their complete fifty one.1 % of production more than the remainder of the world mixed.
This implies that the mining business is a robust one, with stable progress anticipated to continue in the coming years in plenty of regions of the world. It also signifies that mining operations will proceed to rely on pumping applied sciences that supply sturdy, reliable, and secure service in a selection of crucial liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why optimistic displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps may be the best choice for a lot of of those purposes.
THE CHALLENGE
While mining may seem like nothing more than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy machinery or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to access from above—there are, in fact, many complex and generally delicate operations that should be performed properly if the mining operation is to carry out at its highest degree of efficiency.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping know-how that can operate reliably in harsh and remote locations, even when submerged, or when tasked with dealing with particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive products, and in addition one which is prepared to be maintained and repaired simply so downtime is lessened. The pumps must also be light sufficient to be manually moved from location to location within the mine itself.
For many years, a popular choice for use in these situations was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are in a place to create the high circulate charges which are required, they’ve numerous operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining applications: an lack of ability to self-prime or run dry; special seals wanted to stop leaks; special linings needed to deal with solids; excessive motor speeds of as a lot as 1,800 rpm; and comparatively high maintenance necessities and costs, especially when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another well-liked alternative has been the progressive cavity pump, however, like centrifugal pumps, they have a variety of operational shortcomings. These embrace an inability to constantly deal with liquids with high levels of abrasives, which outcomes in elevated upkeep prices, put on on costly stators and rotors that can ultimately must be changed, and total higher purchase, operating, and repair/replacement prices.
Here are some of the particular liquid-transfer operations that happen in a mine and the ways that some pump technologies can fall quick in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing excess produced water from the mine is a important 24/7/365 operation and the water that is recovered is usually full of particulates that can be as massive as 0.12 to 0.16 inches in dimension. If used in this utility, centrifugal pumps require special supplies of building, which can be value prohibitive, to protect towards impeller put on caused by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are also not dry-run succesful, which adversely impacts their degree of efficiency in this application.
General service: For widespread liquid-handling applications, you need an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip lines, function at low speeds while nonetheless delivering excessive move rates, and be easy to hold up and restore. Centrifugal pumps merely don’t possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted parts of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This typically demands a need to use particular mechanical seals, which might result in exorbitant maintenance, restore, and alternative prices.
Press filter: Press filters are used to scrub the liquids which are produced within the mines and, once more, centrifugal pumps can fall quick in this utility as a end result of the solid-laden liquid can harm the pump’s internals unless particular, dearer supplies of construction or linings are used. Also, the character of press-filter operation creates a strong discharge-pressure variation that may pressure the centrifugal pump to function away from its best effectivity point (BEP), leading to excessive vibration and radial loads that may lead to shortened service life. A solution to that is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, but these are expensive and might negatively have an result on the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product transfer: This comes in all varieties in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport trucks with new and used oil for the heavy equipment, contemporary and fouled water, and any chemical compounds which would possibly be required. In every instance, there might be the risk that the pump shall be compelled to run dry because the truck or storage vessel is emptied, whereas discharge-pressure variation can even generate high vibration and radial masses. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps can’t run dry, so they need protection from this condition or the addition of special seals. However, all of these upgrades still can’t totally defend towards a catastrophic failure.
THE SOLUTION
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have proven to not be the simplest solution in plenty of liquid-handling purposes in mining, one pump technology that has confirmed to be an optimum selection is AODD—in phrases of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and upkeep, and security for mining personnel and the setting.
AODD pumps are capable of perform effectively in mining functions as a outcome of their technique of operation allows them to simply deal with variable circulate rates and pressures, whereas being dry-run and line-stripping succesful, and nimble sufficient to transfer liquids which may be shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, as well as slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and other particulates.
The simple design of the AODD pump features few moving components and comparably decrease speeds than other pump technologies, which improves reliability and simplifies upkeep, whereas the pump’s seal-less construction results in fewer leaks, which is a important consideration when handling the various hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids which are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps can be found in each metallic (most commonly aluminum, ductile iron and cast iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, whereas a huge selection of elastomers can be utilized in the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility issues.
A extensive variety of AODD pump configurations provide operational flexibility that can additionally lead to optimized performance at many levels. The ability to function AODD pumps in a extensive range of functions, from fundamental basic use to delicate chemical-handling processes, permits operators to extra cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can also be less expensive to operate, particularly those models which are outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most basic, AODD pumps excel in the typical rugged and harsh operating situations discovered in the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents together with corresponding downtime and repair prices.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping principle sixty-five years in the past, has been dedicated to developing technologies that meet the needs of mining operations. Today, Wilden provides three AODD pump models which might be constructed to excel in mining functions, obtainable in ductile iron, cast iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar materials of building:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which feature a bolted configuration, have been constructed for use in purposes that require the dealing with of liquids featuring large solids. The Brahma pumps have a unique top-inlet/bottom-discharge circulate orientation and flap valves that allow the passage of huge solids with no threat that injury will happen on account of product entrapment or the settling of solids throughout the pump’s inner flow paths. Brahma pumps can be found in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to minimize back air consumption by as much as 60 percent. The T810 and T1510 fashions are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate vary for the 4 Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures up to a hundred twenty five psi with solids-handling capability starting from 2 to 3 inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps feature a clamped design with carrying handles for light-weight portability. Their design features massive inside clearances and flow-through paths for easy passage of enormous solids with no probability for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting additional allows solids passage, whereas a polyurethane display screen base on the inlet will increase the pump’s durability. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) fashions are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps that includes the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most sturdy ADS design for the hardest environments. Flow rates amongst the six models range from fifty seven gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures as much as a hundred twenty five psi. Solids sizes that may be dealt with vary from half to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps function clamped or bolted configuration. Their design options completely different chamber supplies, including metallic and plastics, even Kynar, which is able to dealing with high ranges of abrasive materials. The Pro-Flo SHIFT can additionally be the most environment friendly AODD pump available in the market, able to decreasing as much as 60 % air consumption. This makes it the best option for handling corrosive and abrasive products in mining processes. The pumps have a product vary that goes from 1.5 to 3 inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are able to be outfitted with a huge selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a various array of materials, similar to Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm range offers customers the widest number of diaphragms on the market, all of which are capable of providing extended imply time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with lowered upkeep, repair, and replacement prices.
All of those capabilities make AODD pumps the best alternative for the aforementioned common liquid-handling purposes in mining: dewatering, general service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and day by day product switch.
CONCLUSION
In abstract, Wilden AODD pumps are the most fitted choice for mining purposes as a result of they offer considerable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead capability, along with elevated operational security and a reduction in maintenance/repair costs that can be incurred by pumps that are not designed to handle abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps additionally outperform different AODD applied sciences in other vital ways: simple design with the bottom variety of components for faster, less complicated, and safer repairs and the bottom variety of spare elements to stock; recent improvements in materials of construction that improve the pump’s MTBF; and improved efficiency via the use of the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which in the end ends in faster product transfer with lower air consumption. เกจวัดแรงดันภาษาอังกฤษ continues to innovate via the development of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, each of which enhance service life and safety while not compromising the dealing with of difficult liquids.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Fernando Meneses is the regional supervisor North Latin America for Wilden, a quantity one manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He could be reached at fernando.meneses@psgdover.com. Wilden is a product model of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of a quantity of leading pump firms, including Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For more info, visit www.wildenpump.com or www.psgdover.com.
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