How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is among the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots back to these prehistoric days when somebody grabbed a digging instrument and commenced burrowing into the bottom. In the many millennia since, mining has grown into one of the world’s most essential and widespread business enterprises, with operations spread throughout the globe while tasked with recovering an nearly inexhaustible list of useful commodities.
In fact, based on the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise had been recovered in 2018, up from eleven.three billion metric tons in 2000 and nearly double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian nations accounted for fifty eight percent of the 2018 production, with North America second at 15.1 p.c, adopted by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.8 percent), Latin America (6.3 percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) have been essentially the most prolific producers, with their complete fifty one.1 % of production more than the relaxation of the world mixed.
This signifies that the mining industry is a powerful one, with strong progress anticipated to proceed in the coming years in many regions of the world. It also signifies that mining operations will continue to depend on pumping applied sciences that provide strong, dependable, and secure service in a variety of crucial liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why constructive displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps can be the solely option for many of those applications.
While mining might seem like nothing more than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy machinery or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to entry from above—there are, actually, many complex and sometimes delicate operations that have to be carried out properly if the mining operation is to carry out at its highest level of effectivity.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping technology that can operate reliably in harsh and distant areas, even when submerged, or when tasked with dealing with particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive products, and also one which is ready to be maintained and repaired just so downtime is lessened. The pumps should also be gentle sufficient to be manually moved from location to location throughout the mine itself.
For a few years, a well-liked alternative to be used in these conditions was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are in a position to create the excessive move charges which would possibly be required, they’ve a quantity of operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining purposes: an inability to self-prime or run dry; special seals needed to stop leaks; particular linings needed to handle solids; excessive motor speeds of as a lot as 1,800 rpm; and relatively high upkeep necessities and prices, especially when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another well-liked alternative has been the progressive cavity pump, but, like centrifugal pumps, they have a variety of operational shortcomings. These embrace an lack of ability to constantly deal with liquids with high levels of abrasives, which ends up in elevated maintenance prices, wear on costly stators and rotors that can eventually have to be replaced, and overall higher buy, operating, and repair/replacement prices.
Here are some of the particular liquid-transfer operations that happen in a mine and the ways in which some pump applied sciences can fall quick in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing excess produced water from the mine is a important 24/7/365 operation and the water that is recovered is usually full of particulates that may be as massive as zero.12 to zero.sixteen inches in size. If used in this software, centrifugal pumps require special materials of development, which may be price prohibitive, to protect against impeller put on brought on by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are additionally not dry-run capable, which adversely impacts their level of efficiency in this application.
General service: For frequent liquid-handling purposes, you want an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip strains, function at low speeds whereas nonetheless delivering excessive circulate charges, and be easy to maintain and repair. Centrifugal pumps simply do not possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted parts of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This typically demands a need to make use of special mechanical seals, which might result in exorbitant upkeep, restore, and replacement costs.
Press filter: Press filters are used to wash the liquids which are produced in the mines and, again, centrifugal pumps can fall brief on this software as a outcome of the solid-laden liquid can harm the pump’s internals except special, more expensive materials of development or linings are used. Also, the nature of press-filter operation creates a powerful discharge-pressure variation that can force the centrifugal pump to function away from its greatest efficiency level (BEP), leading to high vibration and radial loads that may lead to shortened service life. A solution to this is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, however these are costly and might negatively affect the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product transfer: This comes in all varieties in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vehicles with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, recent and fouled water, and any chemical compounds which might be required. In every occasion, there is the chance that the pump will be forced to run dry because the truck or storage vessel is emptied, whereas discharge-pressure variation can even generate high vibration and radial loads. As previously illustrated, centrifugal pumps can’t run dry, in order that they want safety from this situation or the addition of special seals. However, all of these upgrades nonetheless cannot completely shield against a catastrophic failure.
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have proven to not be the most effective solution in plenty of liquid-handling purposes in mining, one pump expertise that has confirmed to be an optimum choice is AODD—in phrases of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and maintenance, and safety for mining personnel and the surroundings.
AODD pumps are able to perform effectively in mining applications because their method of operation allows them to simply deal with variable circulate charges and pressures, while being dry-run and line-stripping succesful, and nimble enough to switch liquids which are shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, in addition to slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and other particulates.
The simple design of the AODD pump options few transferring elements and comparably lower speeds than different pump applied sciences, which improves reliability and simplifies maintenance, while the pump’s seal-less building ends in fewer leaks, which is a important consideration when dealing with the various hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids that are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps are available in each metal (most commonly aluminum, ductile iron and forged iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, whereas a broad selection of elastomers can be used in the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility considerations.
A extensive variety of AODD pump configurations provide operational flexibility that can additionally end in optimized performance at many ranges. The capacity to feature AODD pumps in a broad range of applications, from basic basic use to delicate chemical-handling processes, allows operators to more cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps may also be less costly to function, especially these models that are outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most simple, AODD pumps excel in the typical rugged and harsh working conditions found in the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents together with corresponding downtime and restore costs.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping principle sixty-five years ago, has been devoted to creating applied sciences that meet the wants of mining operations. Today, Wilden offers three AODD pump models which are constructed to excel in mining applications, obtainable in ductile iron, forged iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar materials of development:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which function a bolted configuration, have been built for use in applications that require the handling of liquids featuring giant solids. The Brahma pumps have a unique top-inlet/bottom-discharge move orientation and flap valves that enable the passage of large solids with no risk that damage will occur as a end result of product entrapment or the settling of solids within the pump’s inside move paths. Brahma pumps can be found in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to reduce air consumption by as a lot as 60 p.c. The T810 and T1510 models are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate vary for the 4 Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures as a lot as one hundred twenty five psi with solids-handling functionality ranging from 2 to three inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps feature a clamped design with carrying handles for light-weight portability. Their design features giant inner clearances and flow-through paths for straightforward passage of large solids with no probability for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting additional permits solids passage, whereas a polyurethane screen base at the inlet will increase the pump’s durability. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) fashions are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps that includes the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most robust ADS design for the hardest environments. Flow rates amongst the six fashions vary from 57 gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures up to one hundred twenty five psi. Solids sizes that can be dealt with range from 1/2 to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps function clamped or bolted configuration. Their design options different chamber materials, together with metallic and plastics, even Kynar, which is capable of handling high levels of abrasive supplies. The Pro-Flo SHIFT is also essentially the most efficient AODD pump in the market, capable of decreasing as much as 60 p.c air consumption. This makes it the most fitted choice for handling corrosive and abrasive merchandise in mining processes. The pumps have a product vary that goes from 1.5 to three inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are capable of be outfitted with a huge selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a varying array of supplies, such as Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm vary provides users the widest choice of diaphragms in the marketplace, all of that are capable of offering prolonged mean time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with reduced maintenance, restore, and replacement prices.
All of these capabilities make AODD pumps the perfect alternative for the aforementioned widespread liquid-handling purposes in mining: dewatering, general service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and day by day product transfer.
In summary, Wilden AODD pumps are the most fitted choice for mining purposes because they provide considerable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead functionality, together with increased operational security and a reduction in maintenance/repair prices that might be incurred by pumps that aren’t designed to handle abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
เกจวัดแรงดันปั๊มลมpuma outperform other AODD technologies in different vital ways: simple design with the lowest number of elements for sooner, simpler, and safer repairs and the bottom variety of spare components to inventory; recent improvements in materials of construction that enhance the pump’s MTBF; and improved effectivity via the use of the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which finally leads to sooner product switch with lower air consumption. Wilden additionally continues to innovate via the event of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, both of which increase service life and safety whereas not compromising the dealing with of difficult liquids.
Fernando Meneses is the regional manager North Latin America for Wilden, a number one manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He could be reached at Wilden is a product model of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of a quantity of main pump firms, together with Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For extra data, go to or

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